What is myopia/short-sightedness?

Myopia, often known as “being short sighted” causes your vision to be blurry in the distance but clearer when looking at things up close.

It’s a very common focussing problem and for most people it can easily be corrected using glasses or contact lenses, which will make your vision clear and crisp. Myopia can be corrected by glasses or contact lenses with a minus lens power e.g. -3.00 dioptres.

A very small percentage of people with high levels of myopia may develop complications in the retina, known as pathological myopia.

More information can be found on our myopia web page.

We also have a pathological myopia factsheet:

For further information and advice about myopia and other eye conditions please contact our Helpline:

Did this answer your question?

Your feedback will help us to keep improving this website.

Make a donation

Right now we can only reach one in three of the people who need our help most.

Please make a donation and help us support more blind and partially sighted people.

Regular donation Single donation