My application for a benefit has been turned down. What can I do?

If the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has turned down your claim for Employment and Support Allowance (ESA), Disability Living Allowance (DLA), Personal Independence Payment (PIP) or Attendance Allowance, or awarded you less than you had expected, you can challenge their decision.

The first thing you need to do is ask for a 'mandatory reconsideration'. This is a request asking for the DWP to look again at your claim. You must do this within one month of the DWP's initial decision.

If you are not satisfied with the outcome of their reconsideration, you can make an appeal to HM Courts and Tribunals Service (HMCTS). HMCTS act as an independent body and can overturn the DWP's decision. They can however also reduce the amount of benefit you are receiving if they feel you were awarded the wrong amount initially. You must make an appeal within one month of when you were notified of the DWP's reconsideration.

Challenging a benefit decision and making an appeal can be a complicated and stressful process. Our 'Benefits appeals' factsheet gives more information on how to make an appeal, but you can also discuss your case with a specialist advice service, such as our Legal Rights Service.

Debt Advice

If you are struggling with your bills, debts and payments as a result of the decision, see Debt Advice page on our website for help finding an expert debt adviser.

For  further information and advice about benefits please contact our Helpline on:

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